Theory Key Names
Annotated list of scholars and terms, from the Instructors Manual and margin notes in the text
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Chapter 31—Genderlect Styles
- Deborah Tannen
- A linguist at Georgetown University who has pioneered research in genderlect styles.
- A term that suggests that masculine and feminine styles of discourse are best viewed as two distinct cultural dialects and not inferior or superior ways of speaking.
- You Just Don’t Understand
- Tannen’s best-selling book, which presents genderlect styles to a popular audience.
- Rapport Talk
- The typical conversational style of women, which seeks to establish connection with others.
- Report Talk
- The typical monologic style of men, which seeks to command attention, convey information, and win arguments.
- Cooperative overlap
- A supportive interruption often meant to show agreement and solidarity with the speaker.
- Tag question
- A short question at the end of a declarative statement, often used by women to soften the sting of potential disagreement or invite open, friendly dialogue.
- Speech community
- A community of people who share understandings about goals of communication, strategies for enacting those goals, and ways of interpreting communication.
- Louise Cherry Wilkinson and Michael Lewis
- Professors of Education, Psychology, and Communication at Syracuse who examined the speech communities of mothers and children, concluded that parents speak differently to their children and, in doing so, socialize boys and girls differently when it comes to communication.
- Carol Gilligan
- New York University education professor who presented a theory of moral development claiming that women tend to think and speak in an ethical voice different from that of men.
- Aha factor
- A subjective standard ascribing validity to an idea when it resonates with one’s personal experience.
- Adrianne Kunkel and Brant Burleson
- Communication scholars from the University of Kansas and (late) Purdue University, respectively, who challenge the different cultures perspective based on results from their research on comforting.
- Senta Troemel-Ploetz
- A German linguist and feminist who accuses Tannen of ignoring issues of male dominance, control, power, sexism, discrimination, sexual harassment, and verbal insults.
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