Theory Key Names
Annotated list of scholars and terms, from the Instructors Manual and margin notes in the text
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Chapter 33—Muted Group Theory
- Cheris Kramarae
- Professor emeritus from the University of Illinois and research associate at the Center for the Study of Women at the University of Oregon; leader in the study of muted group theory.
- Muted group
- People belonging to low-power groups who must change their language when communicating publicly and, thus, their ideas are often overlooked; e.g., women.
- Edwin Ardener
- A social anthropologist at Oxford University who first proposed the idea that women are a muted group.
- Shirley Ardener
- An Oxford University researcher who collaborated with Edwin Ardener on the development of muted group theory.
- Virginia Woolf
- A British novelist who protested women’s absence in recorded history.
- Dorothy Smith
- A feminist writer who claimed that women’s absence in history is a result of male control of scholarship.
- Malestream expression
- Traditional mainstream mass media, controlled by men.
- Editors and other arbiters of cultures who determine which books, essays, poetry, plays, film scripts, etc. will appear in the mass media.
- Dale Spender
- A British author who hypothesizes that men realize that listening to women would involve a renunciation of their privileged position.
- Paula Treichler
- Kramarae’s collaborator on a feminist dictionary.
- Sexual harassment
- An unwanted imposition of sexual requirements in the context of a relationship of unequal power.
- Date rape
- Unwanted sexual activity with an acquaintance, friend, or romantic partner.
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