Theory Key Names
Annotated list of scholars and terms, from the Instructors Manual and margin notes in the text
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Chapter 5—Symbolic Interactionism
- George Herbert Mead
- The University of Chicago philosophy professor whose teachings were synthesized into the theory called symbolic interactionism.
- Symbolic Interaction
- The ongoing use of language and gestures in anticipation of how the other will react; a conversation.
- An inner dialogue used to test alternatives, rehearse action, and anticipate reactions before responding; self-talk.
- Taking the role of the other
- The process of mentally imagining that you are someone else who is viewing you.
- Looking-Glass Self
- The mental image that results from taking the role of the other; the objective self; me.
- The spontaneous driving force that fosters all that is novel, unpredictable, and unorganized in the self.
- The objective self; the image of self seen when one takes the role of the other.
- Generalized other
- The composite mental image a person has of his or her self based on community expectations and responses.
- Participant observation
- A method of adopting the stance of an ignorant yet interested visitor who carefully notes what people say and do in order to discover how they interpret their world.
- Self-fulfilling prophecy
- The tendency for our expectations to evoke responses that confirm what we originally anticipated.
- Herbert Blumer
- Mead's chief disciple, this University of California, Berkeley, professor coined the term symbolic interactionism.
- Erving Goffman
- University of California, Berkeley, sociologist who developed the metaphor of social interaction as a dramaturgical performance.
- Emmanuel Levinas
- European Jewish philosopher who is developed the idea of the responsive “I” and the ethical echo.
- Responsive “I”
- The self created by the way we respond to others.
- Ethical echo
- The reminder that we are responsible to take care of each other; I am my brother’s keeper.
- Face of the “Other”
- A human signpost that points to our ethical obligation to care for the other before we care for self.
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